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Integrating Communication


Integrating Culture


Curriculum Planning

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Integrating Communication

Communication: Learn...

Standards-based curricula focus on communcation. Outcomes are no longer stated only in terms of the four skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing). The emphasis is on the process by which students communicate: active negotiation of meaning by individuals (interpersonal), appropriate cultural interpretation of meanings (interpretive) and presentation of information to an audience (presentational).
(1996 Curriculum Institute, National K-12 Foreign language Resource center, Iowa State University)

Framework of Communicative Modes

Direct oral communication (e.g., face-to face or telephonic) between individuals who are in personal contact

Direct written communication between individuals who come into personal contact

Receptive communication of oral or written messages

Mediated communication via print and non-print materials

Listener, viewer, reader works with visual or recorded materials whose creator is absent

Productive communication using oral or written language

Spoken or written communication for people (an audience with whom there is no immediate personal contact or which takes place in a one-to-many mode

Author or creator of visual or recorded material not known personally to listener


Productivce abilities: speaking, writing

Receptive abilities: listening, reading

Primarily receptive abilities: listening, reading, viewing Primarily productive abilities: speaking, writing, showing


Knowledge of cultural perspectives governing interactions between individuals of different ages, statuses, backgrounds

Ability to recognize that language use different practices to communicate

Ability to recognize that cultures us different patterns of interaction

Knowledge of how cultural perspectives are embedded in products (literary and artistic)

knoledge of how meaning is encoded in products

Ability to analyze content, compare it to information available in own langauge and assess linguistic and cultural differences

Ability to analyz e and compare content in one culture to interpret U.S. culture

Knowledge of cultural perspectives governing interactions between a speaker and his/her audience and a writer and his/her reader

Ability to present crosscultural information based on background of the audience

Ability to recognize that cultures use different patterns of interaction

The use of grammatical, lexical, phonological, semantic, pragmatic, and discourse features necessary for participation in the Communicative Modes.

Standards for Foreign Language Learning: Preparing for the 21st Century,1996.

Please read about the characteristics of communication found in your Planning Curriculum for Learning World Languages guide, pp. 35-39.

Next: Communication: Connect-Reflect

© 2004 Wisconsin Association For Language Teachers
Last updated: August 18, 2006